Networking, POE Injectors
- Power Supply: 15.4W (Max. 48VDC) Expands network to areas with no power lines or outlets
- Ideal for use with access points and IP cameras
- Delivers power up to 100 meters (328 feet)
- Two Gigabit Ethernet ports for lightning-fast wired speeds
- Auto-detects the required power supply
- Plug and Play, no configuration required
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POE injectors (Power over Ethernet) are a device that allow electrical power to be transmitted over Ethernet cables along with data, enabling network devices to be powered without the need for a separate power source.
POE injectors typically consist of a power supply, Ethernet port, and a PoE output port. It connects to an AC power outlet and to a network switch or router through an Ethernet cable. The PoE injector provides power to a remote device, such as an IP camera, wireless access point, or VoIP phone, through a second Ethernet cable connected to the PoE output port.
The IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) has defined several PoE standards, including IEEE 802.3af, 802.3at, and 802.3bt, which differ in the amount of power they deliver and the number of pairs of wires used to transmit power. IEEE 802.3af provides up to 15.4 watts of power and uses two pairs of wires, while IEEE 802.3at provides up to 30 watts and can use all four pairs of wires. IEEE 802.3bt provides up to 100 watts of power and can use all four pairs of wires.
A PoE injector can also include features such as surge protection, overcurrent protection, and automatic detection and classification of PoE devices. Surge protection helps prevent damage to the injector and the connected devices caused by electrical surges. Overcurrent protection prevents damage caused by an overload of current, which can occur if too many devices are connected to the injector or if a device draws too much power. Automatic detection and classification of PoE devices enable the injector to detect and identify the power requirements of the connected device, ensuring that the correct amount of power is delivered.
PoE injectors are commonly used in situations where power outlets are not available or difficult to access, such as in outdoor or remote locations. They provide a cost-effective and efficient way to power network devices while simplifying the installation process by eliminating the need for separate power cabling.
Types of POE Injectors
- Single-Port POE Injector: This type of injector provides power to a single PoE-enabled device, such as an IP camera or wireless access point. It typically supports one or more PoE standards, such as IEEE 802.3af or 802.3at.
- Multi-Port POE Injector: This type of injector can power multiple PoE-enabled devices simultaneously. It may have four, eight, or even more PoE output ports, each with its own power capacity.
- Gigabit POE Injector: This type of injector supports gigabit Ethernet speeds and can deliver power and data to PoE-enabled devices over a single Ethernet cable. It is typically used in high-bandwidth applications, such as IP video surveillance or VoIP telephony.
- Outdoor POE Injector: This type of injector is designed for outdoor use and can withstand harsh weather conditions. It is typically housed in a weatherproof enclosure and may have surge protection to prevent damage from lightning strikes or power surges.
- Managed POE Injector: This type of injector can be remotely managed and monitored, allowing network administrators to control the power supply to PoE-enabled devices. It may also support advanced features such as VLAN tagging, QoS (Quality of Service), and remote power cycling.
- Industrial POE Injector: This type of injector is designed for use in industrial environments, such as factories or warehouses, where harsh conditions and high temperatures may be present. It typically has ruggedized construction and may be certified to meet industrial standards such as NEMA or IEC.
What to consider when buying POE Injectors
- POE Standard: The first thing to consider is the POE standard that your network devices support. You should choose an injector that supports the same standard as your devices. The most common POE standards are IEEE 802.3af, 802.3at, and 802.3bt.
- Power Output: The amount of power required by your POE-enabled devices will depend on their power consumption. Make sure to choose an injector that can provide enough power to meet the needs of your devices. You can calculate the power requirements by checking the device’s specifications or by using a POE power calculator.
- Number of Ports: Consider the number of devices that need to be powered and choose an injector that has enough ports to support them. You can choose a single-port injector for a single device or a multi-port injector for multiple devices.
- Distance: The maximum distance that a POE injector can deliver power over Ethernet cable depends on the POE standard and the cable length. Make sure to choose an injector that can deliver power over the distance required for your devices.
- Compatibility: Check the compatibility of the POE injector with your network switch or router. Make sure that the injector and the switch or router support the same PoE standard and that they are compatible with each other.
- Quality and Reliability: Choose POE injectors from a reputable manufacturer that has a good track record of quality and reliability. A reliable injector will ensure that your network devices receive consistent and stable power.